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GNU Octave 9.1.0 Released! How to Install it in Ubuntu

GNU Octave, the free open-source application for numerical computations, released new major 9.1.0 version! Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 20.04, Ubuntu 22.04, Ubuntu 23.10, and Ubuntu 24.04.

The GNU website has not yet announced the new release, but it’s available in the download page.

According to the changelog, the new Octave 9.1.0 overhauled dec2base, dec2bin, and dec2hex. They now accept negative inputs and fractional inputs.

It re-architected the inputParser function to get a 60% performance improvement. And, the perms function has been made faster. The audiowrite function now supports writing to MPEG audio formats (including MP3) if the sndfile library supports it. The current directory of oruntests now changes to the directory containing the files with the tests for the duration of the test.

The release features new functions, including isenv, ismembertol, isuniform, tensorprod.

The disable_diagonal_matrix, disable_permutation_matrix, and disable_range functions have been removed! Replacements are optimize_diagonal_matrix, optimize_permutation_matrix, and optimize_range

Operators, such as .+, .+=, **, and .**= are removed. Replacements are +, +=, +=, ^, and .^=. And, following function are obsolete:

  • idx_vector::bool()
  • all_ok(const Array&) in Array-util.h.
  • octave_base_value::count

Other changes include:

    • Classdef files now support breakpoints inside them.
    • Support Qt6.
    • Deprecate FLTK backend, in favor of Qt.
    • The set function now accepts any combination of name/value pairs, cell array of names / cell array of values, or property structures.
    • The axes graphics property "TickDir" now accepts the option "none". It will not draw tick marks but will still draw tick labels.
    • quiver and quiver3 now properly plot non-float numeric inputs by internally casting them to ‘double’.
    • Code such as `A = ones (3, 3); A(:, :, 1) = []` is now Matlab compatible.
    • mad function now produces Matlab compatible output using improved mean and median functions
    • linspace and logspace now handle Inf inputs in a Matlab compatible way.
  • mode now produces Matlab compatible output for empty inputs
  • There are as well many other Matlab compatibility updates and bug-fixes. See the NEWs file for details!

How to Install GNU Octave 9.1.0

Besides building the new release from source tarball, there are so far 2 unofficial packages for the application: Flatpak package and Ubuntu PPA.

Option 1: Flatpak

Flatpak is an universal Linux package format run in sandbox. Fedora 38/39 and Linux Mint can search & install Octave as Flatpak package from either GNOME Software or Software Manager.

To install Octave as Flatpak in Ubuntu, simply press Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard to open terminal. Then, run the commands below one by one:

Tips: first time installing an app as Flatpak, needs a log out and back in to make app icon visible.

Option 2: Ubuntu PPA

For those who prefer the native .deb package, I have uploaded the package into this unofficial PPA for Ubuntu 20.04, Ubuntu 22.04, Ubuntu 23.10 & 24.04 on both x86_64 and arm64/armhf devices.

1. First, press Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard to open terminal. When it opens, run command to add the PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntuhandbook1/octave

Type user password (no asterisk feedback, just type in mind) when it asks and hit Enter to continue.

2. After added PPA, Linux Mint users need to manually refresh system package cache by running command:

sudo apt update

3. Finally, either run command in terminal to install the software package:

sudo apt install octave

Or, use “Software Updater” (Update Manager) to install updates if an old version was installed on your system.


For choice, you can either downgrade Octave package to the stock version in system repository by purging the Ubuntu PPA. To do so, open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and run command:

sudo apt install ppa-purge && sudo ppa-purge ppa:ubuntuhandbook1/octave

Or, remove Octave .deb package by running command:

sudo apt remove --autoremove octave octave-common

And remove the Ubuntu PPA via command:

sudo add-apt-repository --remove ppa:ubuntuhandbook1/octave

If you installed Octave via Flatpak package, run the command below instead to remove it:

flatpak uninstall --delete-data org.octave.Octave

Also, run flatpak uninstall --unused to remove useless run-time libraries to free up some disk space.



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